0PERATION MUTUM – THE FACTS

(Episode 10)

Before happen in Brazil the military coup that became known as the Revolution of 1964, we watched the emergence of popular movements challenging the internal situation of the country. Going forward, criticized our external dependence, requiring a government political break with the United States America, then considered oppressive by nationalist leaders, mostly students, national and politically represented by the national Union of students – UNE, based in Rio de Janeiro.

At the same time, these same popular groups claimed were made greater social inclusion of the poor and working classes.

The rejection declared to the Americans, called by students and leftists of “Yankees” was manifested through the expression “Yankees go home” which could be read on the walls throughout the country and heard as a slogan in demonstrations of students and workers, already they had made a common fact in the Government Goulart. Meant “Yankees go home”.

The iankee word, for people who are not American indicates any American. For an American, however, a yankee is a person who lives in a state north of the country. For people living in the eastern United States, a yankee is a person who originates or resides in New England, a region located in the Northeast the United States, consisting of six states – Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont.

During the Civil War, between 1861 and 1865, the yankee word was popularized by southerners, when it was used to refer to northerners, victorious soldiers, and generally people living in the North of the United States.

These democratic aspirations in Brazil, originated in the 50 advancing the early 60s until the advent of the Revolution.

How could it happen, the military government after the 1964 Revolution, sought to create a National Security Doctrine, which was able to identify, point and eliminate possible internal enemies, including, then, of course, all those who to question and criticize the new regime, with particular emphasis on known supporters of communism.

To make real actions that would be necessary to achieve the objectives, some special government agencies were created, especially the National Information Service – SNI. Responsible for all network information and counter-information from the Government, the SNI, created in 1964 and directed by General Golbery do Couto e Silva, began to direct all incoming information directly to the executive branch, that is, to the President the Republic.

When you finish this first analysis of what happened in Mutum, that Sunday June 29, 1975, concludes that while the Air Force, responsible for the plane had suffered a breakdown and had cast over the city four bombs had not unleashed any official note, surely the General Ernesto Geisel, President of Brazil, would already be aware of everything. Certainly the National Information Service / SNI already had informed.

Why is it then that no one spoke officially? Therefore, it was very likely that Manfredo Kurt, Editor-in-chief of the Journal of the People was right. “There are things,” he concludes.

With eyes closed, I asked Francisco Neto jokingly – So, Chicao, we get Mutum later this month? – As he adjusted on the bench to try to doze off a bit. With half-closed eyes, let the thought flying loose toward Mutum. A lassitude was taking care of my body as sleep took possession of me. Francisco Neto should not have understood why I was smiling as he dozed on VW’s passenger seat.

(To be continued next week)

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