OPERATION MUTUM – Introduction
Although it was a very special Wednesday, August 31, 2016 looked nothing different from an ordinary day on Wednesday. Trade had opened its doors and it worked normally, the traffic was complicated as every Wednesday, and the streets were full of people coming and going, shaken.
In Belo Horizonte, where I was, from the window of the apartment on the tenth floor of the building where I live, I stood for a long time watching the people coming and going downstairs, flattened, as seen from above. My field of vision reached the corners of Caetés with Amazonas and Bahia, a part of Avenue of the Andradas and a little piece of Square 7, a little more distant. He could also hear the sound of rockets exploding all over the city center and a few neighborhoods nearby. In addition to the honking caused by the cars that circulated. And, of course, the cries of “Out Dilma” and “It’s coup.” Sometimes bad words could also be heard.
In the room I was in, the television alternated with comments from experts, analysts, politicians and ordinary people about the end of President Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment process. The President’s trial session, which began on Thursday, 25, had been adjourned on Wednesday at 1:35 pm, when sixty-one senators concluded that they had been guilty of the charges against him and, consequently, of the cassation Of his mandate. Twenty senators voted against it. The PT government was therefore closed, which began with the election of Lula, who was sworn in on January 1, 2003, succeeding Fernando Henrique Cardoso of the PSDB.
In place of President Dilma took on that same day her Vice President Michel Temer, of the PMDB. Sitting in front of the TV I was thinking about how, once again, I was witnessing another radical change in the History of Brazil.
Without having anything more important to do than to stay there, listening to the TV news, I was curious to know more about the presidents of Brazil, especially as their governments ended. I turned on the computer and set out to search the Internet, the government of each one, from the first to the last, the one of Dilma, that had just finished finishing.
The first was Marechal Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca, born in Alagoas da Lagoa do Sul, now Marechal Deodoro (AL), who proclaimed the Republic and ruled from November 15, 1889 to November 23, 1891, when he resigned his term. He was succeeded by Floriano Vieira Peixoto, born in Maceió (AL) who was in power from 23/111891 to 11/15/1894. The other presidents were Prudente José de Morais Barros, born in Itu (SP), from 11/15/1894 to 11/15/1898. Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, born in Campinas (SP), from 11/15/1898 to 11/15/1902. Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, born in Guaratinguetá (SP), from 11/15/1902 to 11/15/1906. Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, born in Santa Bárbara (MG), from November 15, 1906 to July 14, 1909, when he died in the exercise of his mandate. Nilo Procópio Peçanha, born in Campos dos Goytacazes (RJ), from 07/07/1909 to 15/11/1910. Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca, born in São Gabriel (RS), from 11/15/1910 to 11/15/1914. Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes, born in Itajubá (MG), from 11/15/1914 to 11/15/1918. . Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, elected to start the mandate on November 15, 1818, died on 01/16/1919 without assuming the position. Delfim Moreira da Costa Ribeiro, born in Cristina (MG), from 11/15/1918 to 07/28/1919. Epitacio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa, born in Umbuzeiro (PB), from July 28, 1919 to November 15, Artur da Silva Bernardes, born in Viçosa (MG), from 11/15/1922 to 11/15/1926. Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, born in Macaé (RJ), from November 15, 1926 to October 24, 1930, when he was deposed. Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque, born in Itapetininga (SP), elected to begin his term of office on November 15, 1930, failed to take office and was the only president elected by direct vote in Brazil to be barred from taking office. Board of Governors Provisional 1930, formed by General Augusto Tasso Fragoso, born in São Luís (MA), Admiral José Isaías de Noronha, born in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) John of God Mena Barreto , born in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) from 10/24/1930 to 11/03/1930. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, born in São Borja (RS), from November 3, 1930 to October 29, 1945, having been provisional president from 1930 to 1934, constitutional president from 1934 to 1937 and president dictator from 1937 to 29 / 1945, when he was ousted from office. José Linhares, born in Guaramiranga (EC) of 10.29.1945 to 31.01.1946. Eurico Gaspar Dutra, born in Cuiabá (MT) in 31/01/1946 to 31/01/1951. Getúlio Dorneles Vargas 01/31/1951 to 08/24/1954. John Fernandes Campos Café Filho, born in Natal (RN), from 24.08.1954 to 08.11.1955, when he was deposed. Carlos Coimbra da Luz, born in Three Hearts (MG) of 11.08.1955 to 11.11.1955. He assumed the Presidency of the Republic for being the President of the Chamber of Deputies, due to the removal of President Café Filho (Vice President of Getúlio Vargas, had assumed the government after his suicide), and was impeached by the National Congress. In its place he became the 1st Vice President of the Senate , Nereu de Oliveira Ramos , born in São José dos Pinhais (SC) 11/11/1955 to 31/01/1956. Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, born in Diamantina (MG) from 31/01/1956 to 31/01/1961. Janio da Silva Quadros, born in Campo Grande (MT) from 01/31/1961 to 25/08/1961. Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli, born in Caconde (SP) from 25/08/1961 to 07/09/1961, after the resignation of the holder Quadros , and during the absence of the vice president João Goulart , who was on an official visit to the People ‘s Republic China . João Belchior Marques Goulart, born in São Borja (RS) from 07.07.1961 to 01.04.1964, when f hi deposed by the coup 1964 military . Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli 02/04/1964 to 15/04/1964. Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, born in Fortaleza, from 15/04/1964 to 15/03/1967. Marshal Arthur C osta e Silva, born in Taquari (RS) from 03.15.1967 to 08.31.1969, when he resigned from the government leadership due to illness. Board of Governors Provisional 1969 (formed by General Aurélio de Lira Tavares, the Army Minister, born in João Pessoa (PB)
Admiral Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald, Minister of Marine, born in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and
Márcio de Souza Mello, Minister of Aeronautics, born in Florianópolis (SC)) from 08/31/1969 to 10/30/1969. General Emilio Medici Garrastazu, born in Bagé (RS) from 30/10/1969 to 15/03/1974. General Ernesto Beckmann Geisel, born in Bento Gonçalves (RS), from 03/15/1974 to 03/15/1979. General João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, born in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), of the 03/15/1979 15/03/1985. Tancredo de Almeida Neves, born in São João Del-Rei (MG). Elected, he did not come to assume the mandate. José Sarney de Araújo Costa (José Ribamar Ferreira de Araújo Costa), born in Pinheiro (MA), from 03/15/1985 to 03/15/1990. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, born in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), from 15/03/1990 to 29/12/1992, when he had his impeachment approved by the Senate. Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco, was born aboard a ship on the Salvador / Rio de Janeiro route and had his Birth Record made in Salvador (BA), from 12/29/1992 to 01/01/1995. Fernando Henrique Cardoso, born in Rio de Janeiro, 01/01/1995 to 01/01/2003 – Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Luiz Inácio da Silva), born in Caetés (PE), from 01/01/2003 to 01/01/2011 – Dilma Vana Rousseff, born in Belo Horizonte (MG), 01/01/2011 – 31/08/2016 – and now Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia, born in Tietê (SP).
I’m getting old, I thought. From the day I was born to this day, twenty-five presidents have already taken place.
When I conclude my thoughts, I have been awakened to a strange coincidence. The first of the presidents of my time, Getúlio Vargas, was prevented from finishing his term in the period known as the New State Dictatorship, just the day I was born, October 29, 1945, overthrown by the Army High Command. The last president-elect was Dilma, also prevented from finishing her second term, and her impeachment process was voted and approved by the Federal Senate.
I spent the rest of the afternoon and a good part of the evening attending to the repercussions of President Dilma’s annulment, the possession of Vice-President Temer, now President and demonstrations for and against impeachment. When I turned the TV off and decided it was time to go to sleep, it was past two in the morning.
I did not sleep peacefully. It cost me a lot to fall asleep, I woke up several times agitated and I had not very pleasant dreams. The day had been very different from my routine.
At six in the morning, I woke up scared and, in a jump, I sat on the bed. The words I had heard in my ears still echoed in my sleep and made me wake up. Immediately I identified them as being said by Manfred Kurt who had shouted in his hoarse voice and his Germanic accent “And the book, damn it. Are not you going to write it again, you shit? “
Wide awake, I got up and headed for the bathroom as I said quietly, “Calm down, German. I’ll write, yes. I’m still starting today. You do not have to come to haunt me. You can continue to rest in peace. “
(CONTINUES IN THE NEXT WEEK)